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[ Reprinted from the Geological Magazine with some additional Notes by the Author.]

published by Dulau & Co., 37, Soho Square, W. London. 1887

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Obituary Notice of the Author
List of papers published by Dr. Walter Flight
List of Plates
List of Woodcuts

Part I.
Digest of Memoirs and Notices published during the years 1869-75, and relating to meteorites found after the end of 1868

Part II.
Digest of Memoirs and Notices published during the years 1869-75, and relating to meteorites found before the end of 1868.

Part III.
Digest of Memoirs and Notices published after 1875.

Index Original A-Z version.
Index By Country (modern compliation from the original index).

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Of the arduous literary task undertaken by the author, only the first two divisions referred to on pages 1 and 2--namely, digests of the memoirs relating to meteorites published since 1868--are here presented to the student. The remaining divisions, including that which would have dealt with the methods which have been proposed for the chemical analysis of meteorites, and for the discussion of which Dr. Flight was so well qualified, were still unwritten at the time of his death.

The first 144 pages were printed off twelve years ago, after revision by the author himself, at a time when he looked forward to the speedy completion of the work: the proofs of the remainder have been read and arranged for press, and where needful have been compared with the original memoirs.

To facilitate reference to the Articles an Index to the names and synonyms of the meteorites has been added.


In Memoriam.

WALTER FLIGHT, D.Sc. (Lond.), F.R.S., F.G.S.

Walter Flight was the son of William P. Flight, of Winchester, in which city he was born on the 2lst of January, 1841. He was sent, after a period of pupilage at home, to Queenwood College, Hampshire, in the days when George Edmondson was Head Master, and Tyndall and Debus were the teachers of science. Here he had the good fortune to attract the notice of Prof. Debus, who encouraged the youthtul chemist, and in after years remained his constant friend.

From Queenwood Walter Flight went to the University of Halle, to pursue his scientific studies, and in the laboratory of Prof. Heintz he specially applied himself to the study of chemistry during the winter session of 1863-64.

In 1864 and 1865 he entered the University of Heidelberg, where, in the laboratories of the celebrated Professors Bunsen, Kopp, and Kirchhoff, he devoted himself earnestly to acquire that thorough knowledge of the various branches of theoretical and practical chemistry, and that marked facility for overcoming experimental difficulties, which characterize the practised and careful worker.

Prom Heidelberg Flight passed to the University of Berlin, where he remained until 1867, studying and working in Prof. Hofmann's laboratory, and tor a time filling the office of his Secretary and Chemical Assistant.

Returning to England in 1867, he graduated D.Sc., in the University of London, and in the following year was appointed by the Senate to the office of Assistant-Examiner under Prof. Debus, F.R.S. (his former teacher at Queenwood).

On the 5th September, 1867, Dr. Plight was appointed an Assistant in the Mineralogical Department of the British Museum, where, under the direction of Professor Nevil Story Maskelyne, M.A., F.R.S., the Keeper of Mineralogy, he carried on a series of researches into the chemical composition of the mineral constituents of meteorites and the occluded gases they contained.

Many of the methods by which he carried out these investigations were originated by him in the course of his researches, and displayed in a remarkable degree his skill and ingenuity in chemical manipulation.

Shortly after this date he was appointed Examiner in Chemistry and Physics at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, and in 1876 Examiner to the Royal Military Academy, Cheltenham.

For several years Dr. Flight served on the "Luminous Meteors Committee" of the British Association, to which he gave much valuable assistance.

Between the years 1864 and 1883 he was author of numerous original papers; that relating to the Cranbourne, Rowton, and Middlesborough Meteorites appeared in the Philosophical Transactions: his researches were also referred to by Prof. Story Maskelyne in two papers on the mineral constituents of the Busti, Manegaum, and Breitenbach Meteorites, read before the Royal Society between 1870-71.

In January, 1875, he commenced to publish in the Geological Magazine a series of articles, entitled "A Chapter in the History of Meteorites," of which twelve appeared in that year; nine supplemental essays followed in 1882, and a final one in February, 1883. These articles form the substance of the present work, some slight additions only having been made by the author to the first part printed in 1875.

In 1880, Dr. Flight married Miss Kate Fell, daughter of Dr. Fell, of Ambleside. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society on June 7th, 1883. In 1884 he was seized by illness which prostrated his mental powers and rendered it needful for him to resign his appointment in the British Museum in June, 1885; but notwithstanding all that medical skill or the affection of friends could devise, he succumbed on the 4th of November, 1885, leaving his widow and three young children to deplore his early loss.

Dr. Flight enjoyed the regard and esteem of a very large circle of scientific men, with many of whom he was on terms of intimate friendship. It is to these more especially that this little Book is dedicated as the last Memorial of a life full of promise, but all too early brought to an abrupt conclusion.

  1. Portrait of Chladni
  2. Views and plans of the Ovifak find site. Fig.1-3.
    Fig.1. View of the cliffs at Ovifak.
    Fig.2. Section of the Coast (Steenstrup).
    Fig.3. Plan of the beach.
  3. The largest mass of iron found at Ovifak
  4. Fragments and one of the Ovifak masses. Fig.1-5.
    Fig. 1. Basalt from Assuk.
    Fig. 2. Metallic iron in the Ovifak basalt.
    Fig. 3. A grain of metallic iron surrounded by troilite containing small grains of hisingerite.
    Fig. 4. Fragment of the basalt illustrating the distribution of the grains of iron.
    Fig. 5. One of the Ovifak masses, weight 7000 kilos.
  5. The meteoric iron of Rowton
  6. Figures on the etched surface of the iron of Toluca
  7. The Busti aerolite

  1. The three largest Ovifak irons, brought to Europe by the Swedish Greenland Expedition of 1872, under command of Captain Baron von Ober. From a sketch made on the spot by Dr. Th. Nordstrom in 1870.
  2. Iron Implements from Esquimaux kjoekenmoddings.
  3. Etched section of Meteoric Iron, in the Paris Collection, showing the Widmannstattian figures.
  4. Figure of the Aumieres Meteorite, showing faults.
  5. Representation, one-twentieth the actual size, of the Tucson 'Ring'
  6. Form of the Crystals found on the ice off the Taimur Coast, magnified thirty to forty times.